Creativity of young scientists and innovative development of the economy in modern Russia
Keywords:Creativity, Innovativeness, Motivational profile, Talented youth, Academic institution
The purpose of the article is to identify the main reasons that hinder the formation of human resources potential of Russian higher education institutions and scientific organizations on the basis of attracting talented and creative young professionals. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the systematic study of all motivational and personal factors that promote or hinder the involvement of people with creative thinking and positive attitude to innovative activities in academic activities. The research was conducted using the “Test-system for determining the structure of human motivational complex” and personal characteristics determination system on the MMPI-2 test. The respondents were young scientists, postgraduates and students of Russian universities. The analysis of the results made it possible to conclude that the current system of state regulation of the academic labor market is inefficient, which strategically reduces the probability of innovative economic development in modern Russia. The paper makes conceptual proposals that give an opportunity to raise the level of scientific and pedagogical activity at the present stage of Russia’s development. They mainly concern qualitative changes in the system of state financing of academic organizations, increasing social prestige of building a career path in the academic sphere of activity, reducing the level of bureaucratization and regulation of labor behavior in higher education and science.